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Ezra 1:1-5

1. And in the first year of Cyrus, the king of Persia, at the completion of the word of the Lord from the mouth of Jeremiah, the Lord aroused the Spirit
of Cyrus, the king of Persia, and he issued a proclamation throughout his kingdom, and also in writing, saying:

And in the first year of Cyrus, the king of Persia This book is arranged as a continuation of the Book of Daniel, as is explained in Baba Bathra (15a),
and the word ?????????? refers back from this [book] to that one, for it is stated in Daniel (9:2): “In the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, contemplated
the calculations of the number of the years that the word of the Lord had come to Jeremiah the prophet from the destruction of Jerusalem, seventy years.”
And so the entire chapter proceeds to relate [the story] of the destruction of the Temple, the time of the Babylonian exile, and his confession, in which
he confessed Israel’s sin. The beginning of this book is as follows: After Belshazzar was assassinated, Darius the Mede reigned, as it says (Dan. 6:1):
“And Darius the Mede received the kingdom etc.” and after Darius’ death, this Cyrus, the king of Persia, reigned, and in the first year of his reign, the
seventy years for the remembrance of the Babylonian exile, [counting] from the day that Jehoiakim was exiled, were completed, as it says (Jer. 29: 10):
“At the completion of seventy years of Babylon, I will remember you etc.” When Israel returned from the Babylonian exile to the land of Israel, in that
year, in the first year of Cyrus, Israel laid the foundation of the Temple, and the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin slandered them to Cyrus, the king
of Persia, and he commanded [them] to curtail the work, no longer to build the edifice of the Temple; and the Israelites were idle, for they did not build
the Temple during the entire reign of Cyrus and Ahasuerus, who succeeded him, until the second year of Darius, the son of Ahasuerus, the king of Persia,
who was Darius, the son of Esther. And in the second year of his reign, they began building the Temple until the building was completed. And from the first
year of Cyrus until the second year of Darius, the son of Ahasuerus the king of Persia, in whose days the Temple was built, were eighteen years, to fulfill
what was said (Dan. 9:2): “from the destruction of Jerusalem, seventy years etc.” And now, in the second year of Darius, seventy years had elapsed since
the destruction of Jerusalem; [i.e.,] the destruction of the Temple, when Zedekiah was exiled. From the exile of Jehoiakim until the exile of Zedekiah,
when the Temple was destroyed, were eighteen years, and now in the first year of Cyrus, the king of Persia, seventy years since the exile of Jehoiakim,
when Israel was exiled to Babylon, were completed, and thereby the verse that states (Jer. 29:10): “for at the completion of seventy years of Babylon I
will remember you etc.” was fulfilled. And this is the remembrance, that Israel returned to their soil and built the foundation of the building of the
Temple, although it was not yet completed. We find that there were fifty- two years from the exile of Zedekiah, when the Temple was destroyed, until the
first year of Cyrus, the king of Persia; and eighteen years after the first year of Cyrus, which is the second year of Darius, when Israel commenced to
build the edifice, and they completed it. This is proven in Seder Olam (ch. 29), in Tractate Megillah (11b) and in this book, as I explained.

at the completion of the word of the Lord from the mouth of Jeremiah at the time that the word of the Holy One, blessed be He, which Jeremiah spoke, was
completed, as it says (Jer. 29:10): “for at the completion of seventy years of Babylon etc.”

the Lord aroused the spirit the will.

a proclamation He proclaimed a proclamation throughout his kingdom.

and also in writing And he also sent his letter throughout his kingdom about this matter.

saying And so he said to them in his proclamation that he proclaimed and in his epistle that he sent throughout his kingdom.

2. “So said Cyrus, the king of Persia, ‘All the kingdoms of the earth the Lord God of the heavens delivered to me, and He commanded me to build Him a House
in Jerusalem, which is in Judea.

So said Cyrus, the king of Persia… delivered to me that I am the king and ruler over all the kingdoms.

and He commanded me He commanded me through Isaiah the prophet to build for Him the Temple in Jerusalem, as it says in the Book of Isaiah (44:28): “Who
says to Cyrus, ‘He is My shepherd, and all My desire he shall fulfill,’ and to say to Jerusalem, ‘It shall be built, and the Temple shall be founded.’”
(ibid. 45:1): “So said the Lord to His anointed one, to Cyrus, whose right hand I held….” And this prophecy was already stated by lsaiah.

in Jerusalem, which is in Judea whch is in the province of Judea.

3. Who is among you of all His people, may his God be with him, and he may ascend to Jerusalem, which is in Judea, and let him build the House of the Lord,
God of Israel; He is the God Who is in Jerusalem.

Who is among you So did he announce and write to all the kingdoms, “Who is among you of all His people,” [i.e., of the people] of the Holy One, blessed
be He, may the Holy One, blessed be He, be at his assistance, and let him ascend to build His house that is in Jerusalem.

4. And whoever remains from all the places where he sojourns, the people of his place shall help him with silver and with gold and with possessions and
with cattle, with the donation to the House of God, which is in Jerusalem.’

And whoever remains and every Jew who remains in his place, who cannot ascend because he has no money.

shall help him I command the people of his place to provide him and help him with silver, gold, possessions and cattle, in order that he be able to ascend
to Jerusalem with the donation that the people of his place will donate for the building of the Temple, for also among the nations there were some who
contributed donations to the building of the Temple.

to the House of God, which is in Jerusalem From “So said Cyrus” until here is the proclamation and the message of the written epistle.

5. And the heads of the families of Judah and Benjamin and the priests and the Levites arose, with all whom God inspired to ascend to build the House of
the Lord, which is in Jerusalem.

of Judah and Benjamin the heads of the families of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin.

all whom… inspired They ascended to Jerusalem to build the Temple with all those whom God inspired to ascend and to build the Temple.


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