Yechezkal (Ezekiel) Chapter 10
1. And I saw, and behold on the expanse that was over the heads of the cherubim, [a thing] like a sapphire stone; like the appearance of a throne appeared
over the heads of the cherubim Over the heads of the four living beings of the Chariot. In this chapter, he switches over to calling them [all] cherubim
because the face of the ox was transformed into the face of a cherub, as it is written in this chapter. Our Rabbis said (Chag. 13b): Ezekiel begged for
mercy and transformed it to a cherub. He said before Him, “Master of the world, an accuser cannot become a defender.”
2. And He said to the man clothed in linen, and He said, “Come between the wheels under the cherub, and fill your hands with fiery coals from the cherubim,
and cast [them] upon the city,” and he came, before my eyes.
between the wheels Heb. (?????????????????) [lit. between the wheel.] Wherever it says, “And he said… and he said,” it is meant only to be expounded upon.
The Holy One, blessed be He, told Gabriel [to take the coals], but he [Gabriel] asked the cherub to [take them first and then] give them to him so that
the coals would cool and the decree would be mitigated. And this is clearly stated in the chapter (verse 7): “and he picked up [the fire] and gave [it]
into the hands of the one clothed in linen.”
and cast [them] upon the city He did not cast them immediately, and although the one clothed in linen received them, he did not cast them until six years
after he had received them, for the coals were smoldering in his hand for all the six years. And you should know [that this is true] because this prophecy
was said in the sixth year, and the city was destroyed in the eleventh year.
3. Now the cherubim were standing at the right of the House when the man came, and the cloud filled the inner court.
at the right of the House In the south [of the Temple].
the inner court This is the Temple court.
4. Then the glory of the Lord lifted itself from upon the cherub onto the threshold of the House, and the House was filled with the cloud, and the court
was filled with the splendor of the glory of the Lord.
onto the threshold of the House That is the very [stage of] evacuation mentioned above (9:3).
5. And the sound of the wings of the cherubim was heard until the outer court, like the voice of God Almighty when He speaks.
until the outer court The Temple Mount. I may think that [it was heard no further] because the sound was low. Therefore, Scripture states: “like the voice
of God Almighty when He speaks.” Yet, when it would reach the outer court, it would [suddenly] stop.
6. And it came to pass when He commanded the man clothed in linen, saying, “Take fire from between the wheels, from among the cherubim,” he came and stood
beside the wheel.
7. And the cherub extended his hand from among the cherubim to the fire that was between the cherubim, and he picked [it] up and gave [it] into the hands
of the one clothed in linen, and he took [it] and left.
8. And there appeared to be to the cherubim a form of a human hand under their wings.
9. And I saw, and behold four wheels beside the cherubim, one wheel beside one cherub and one wheel beside one cherub, and the appearance of the wheels
was like the appearance of crystal.
and behold four wheels Since one of the faces was changed, it was necessary to repeat here the entire account of the living beings as at first, so that
you should not say that it is another Chariot.
10. As for their appearance-the four of them had one likeness, as a wheel would be within a wheel.
11. When they went, they would go toward their four sides, they would not turn when they would go, for [to] the place where the head would turn, after him
they would go; they would not turn when they went.
12. And all their flesh and their backs and their hubs and their wings, and the wheels were full of colors all around, [so it was] to their four wheels.
and their hubs Heb. ????????? of the wheels. They are the hole in which the [axle of the] chariot turns, called boyol, nave, hub. Jonathan, however, renders:
????????????????, and their pourings.
to their four wheels To the four wheels of the living beings.
13. To the wheels, to them was called hagalgal to my ears.
to them was called hagalgal to my ears I heard that the angel would call the wheel “galgal.”
was called hagalgal to them was called the name “galgal.”
14. Now each one had four faces; the face of one was the face of the cherub, and the face of the second was the face of a man, and the third the face of
a lion, and the fourth the face of an eagle.
the face of one was the face of the cherub That was the face of the ox, which was transformed into a cherub.
15. And the cherubim were lifted; it was the living being that I had seen by the river Chebar.
16. And when the cherubim went, the wheels would go beside them, and when the cherubirn would lift their wings to rise off the earth, the wheels, too, did
not turn away from [being] beside them.
17. When they stood, they would stand, and when they would rise, they would rise with them, for the will of the living being was in them.
18. Then the glory of the Lord went out from upon the threshold of the House, and it stood on the cherubim.
19. And the cherubim raised their wings and lifted themselves from the earth, before my eyes, when they left, and the wheels corresponded to them, and it
stood at the entrance of the eastern gate of the House of the Lord, and the glory of the God of Israel was upon them from above.
at the entrance of the… gate of the House of the Lord The entrance of the heichal.
the eastern Heb. ????????????, that is in the east. This was the second stage of the evacuation, from the threshold of the Holy of Holies to the court.
20. It was the living being that I saw under the God of Israel by the river Chebar, and I knew that they were cherubim.
It was the living being Since I saw in this Chariot the entire phenomenon of the first Chariot, I say “[It] is the one I saw by the river Chebar.”
and I knew that the face of the ox was transformed into the face of a cherub, and there were in it two faces of man: a small face of a child and a large
face of a man.
21. Four faces each for every one, and four wings for every one, and the likeness of the hands of a man was beneath their wings.
22. As for the likeness of their faces-those were the faces that I saw by the river Chebar-their appearance and themselves; each one would go in the direction
he was facing.